Thursday, 30 April 2015

A new Silk road

With shorter transport times and lower costs for freight, international rail lines linking central and western China with Central Asia have helped to improve connectivity and trade between the regions.



Starting in Chongqing, the Chongqing-Xinjiang-Europe International Railway passes through Xi'an, Lanzhou, Urumqi and the Alataw Pass, where it enters Kazakhstan, before continuing through Russia, Belarus and Poland, finally ending in Duisburg, Germany. Stretching 11,179 kilometers, it takes just 16 days on average to transport goods from China to Europe by rail, 20 days fewer than by sea from China's eastern ports, making rail ideal for goods with a shorter shelf life. Extremely interesting for BMW and Hewlet Packard !

The old silk road >>>

More about this new route >>>

Nepal before and after the earthquake

Monday, 27 April 2015

la erupción del volcán Villarrica

Aye Hombre ! The Villarrica volcano in Chili surprised everyone a month ago with the most beautifull lava fountains

ERUPCION DEL VOLCAN VILLARRICA EN EL SUR DE CHILE

And guess what .... the volcano is still going strong



The whole series from March this year >>> 

Several photo's made in april >>>>

American Geologist Erik Klemetti on this volcano >>>>>

Saturday, 25 April 2015

The Nepal earthquake

A strong 7.8 magnitude quake struck in Nepal an area between the capital Kathmandu and the city of Pokhara. At least 5000 people are now known to have died in this powerful earthquake, with many more feared trapped under rubble, officials say.

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Update on the 26th: Tent cities have sprung up for those displaced by the earthquake in Nepal, which is now reported to have killed some 2,500 people.
The tremor also unleashed avalanches on Mount Everest, which killed at least 17 people and injured 61 others
Update on the 27th : Death toll rises above 3,000. BBC news  >>
Update on the 29th : Aid has begun to reach remote regions. More than 5000 people dead. BBC news >>>



News updates:
BBC news >>
USGS with the quake details >>>
Aftershock in Nepal on the 25th >>>
USGS maps with the earthquake and aftershocks >>> 
Scientists have long warned for a severe tremor >>>
A Drone flight shows Kathmandu after the earthquake >>

What's the Geography :Geology & Platetectonics:
The Geological Society explains the Himalaya Plate tectonics >>
Why Earthquakes in Nepal (a geo-animation) >>
When continents collide >>>
Plate tectonics, Plate Bounderies, Earthquakes (a geo-animation) >>>
Four types of plate bounderies (a geo-animation) >>>
Maps & graphics from the Washington Post  >>
Esri nepal earthquake storymap >>





Friday, 24 April 2015

Methane Sinkholes in Siberia !

Sinkholes are often associated with karst/ limestone. But Russian scientists have discovered in Siberia a new type of Sinkhole


 A number of craters have appeared across Siberia over the past few years, with the first spotted in 2013 by helicopter pilots 20 miles from a gas extraction plant at Bovanenkov. The second was in the same permafrost region of northern Russia, and the third on the Taymyr Peninsula, to the east, in the Krasnoyarsk region. The scientists believe warming air is melting the thick permafrost, leading to the accumulation and release of volatile 'fire ice' gases which then explodes to create the giant funnels.They believe there is growing evidence that rising temperatures were catalyst for massive unexplained holes in ground.

More Geo resources:
The methane craters in Siberia >>>
A geo animation about Sinkholes in Karst areas >>
How Sinkholes form >>>>

Thursday, 23 April 2015

The Calbuco volcano in Chili

Only two weeks after the spectaculair Villarrica lava fountains also the Calbuco volcano erupted last night in Chili 



The Calbuco volcano in southern Chile is erupting for the first time in 42 years, spewing huge amounts of ash into the atmosphere and prompting evacuations across a 24-mile wide area. And the results are absolutely stunning. 

  Where is this in Chili ?


Additional resources from the world wide web:

Wednesday, 22 April 2015

African Tour

EU governments have made it harder to seek refuge in Europe, the flow of refugees fleeing the world's most desperate conflicts is increasing.The refugee challenge: can you break into Fortress Europe?




 African Tour: Senegal, Gibraltar, Ceuta, Melilla, Lampedusa, Athens, Evros, Calais .

Watch and listen to Francis Cabrel:

A traverser jusqu'à l'Espagne
 Et après... Inch'allah
 On a de mauvaises chaussures
 L'argent cousu dans nos doublures
 Les passeurs doivent nous attendre
 Le peu qu'on a ils vont le prendre
 Et après... Est-ce que l'Europe est bien gardée ?
 Je n'en sais rien

  Full songtext >>>

African Tour Francis cabrel door Rose-Noire-du-Boudoir

Tuesday, 21 April 2015

From Holland With Love anno 2015

Dutch flower fields near Keukenhof The Netherlands drone footage..... a virtual fieldwork in 1.20

Take a beautiful flight with a drone over the colorful flower fields near the Keukenhof Gardens in The Netherlands. Filmed during a sunny spring day in april 2015 with a DJI Inspire drone in full HD. Tulips, hyacinths and other colorful flowers are lined up in long stretches across the Dutch fields.

Monday, 20 April 2015

Why there won’t be a Hurricane Isis in 2016

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) removed the name Isis from its rotating list of tropical storm names for the Eastern North Pacific.


Isis was among the names set to be used in the 2016 hurricane season but has been replaced with the name Ivette. Even though the name Isis originates in Egyptian mythology, the WMO opted to remove the name because it has become associated with the brutality of ISIS — the Islamist militant group that now controls vast areas of Iraq and Syria and has committed widespread human rights abuses and atrocities against civilians, religious groups and foreign captives.

[Source >>>>]

Sunday, 19 April 2015

São Paulo's water crisis

With water levels worryingly low in at least two of São Paulo’s largest reservoirs, insecurity around water has become a fact of life for most paulistanos – as has a newfound interest in self-reliance and thrift: in stored water, rainwater collection and reduced usage.
In the Favela do Moinho, 2,500 residents rely on one impossibly thin blue pipe



Read further on the Guardian website >>>

Saturday, 18 April 2015

Drought in California

The State of California is experiencing one of the most severe droughts on record, which has implications for citizens of California and beyond.

California Governor Jerry Brown has instituted new water restrictions as the state's reservoirs have fallen to perilously low levels


The BBC about the drought >>>
The USGS with maps and data >>>

Friday, 17 April 2015

Immigration to Europe

From 2006 but still impressive

Mapped… People Who Die Trying to Immigrate to Europe

Data source: UNITED For Intercultural Action (Olivier Clochard/Migrinter)

More resources :
Fortress Europe by The Guardian >>>
BBC news : Tragedy with a 20 m long boat and 700 migrants >>
The route from Senegal >>>>
The cruel sea by The Economist >>>

2015 Hottest Year on Record ?

The first three months of 2015 were the warmest start to any year on record, according to new data released from NASA on Wednesday. All major global temperature-tracking agencies have ranked January, February, and March 2015 as among the warmest three months on record, respectively. Collectively, those numbers mean 2015 has been record hot so far.


 Read further on the slate website >>>

Thursday, 16 April 2015

Fragment of continental crust found under south east Iceland

An international team, including researchers at the University of Liverpool, have shown that south east Iceland is underlain by continental crust.


 The team found that the accepted theory, that Iceland consists only of very thick oceanic crust, is incorrect. Maps of crustal thickness produced from satellite gravity data, together with geochemical, plate tectonic reconstruction and mantle plume track analysis (an upwelling of abnormally hot rock), were used to show that south east Iceland is underlain by continental crust which extends offshore to the east.From inversion of gravity anomaly data (crustal thickness), analysis of regional magnetic data, and plate reconstructions, we propose that continental crust beneath southeast Iceland is part of ∼350-km-long and 70-km-wide extension of the Jan Mayen Microcontinent (JMM).

Read further >>>

Wednesday, 15 April 2015

Animating London's population change 1801-2011

Over the last couple of hundred years London's population has grown and spread out on a vast scale. This process has involved a remarkable deconcentration of population from the centre to the suburbs: in 1801 the vast majority of its million people were crammed into a few central boroughs, with the square mile of the City of London holding 129,000 people. The population of the city grew by more than 5 million over the next century with the vast majority of that growth in the inner suburbs opened up by public transport. Over the course of the 20th century suburbanisation accelerated with the advent of the car, only for population growth to pick up again in the centre in the last few decades [source: Drawingringsblogspot]

Monday, 13 April 2015

Dutch Volcano coming to life again ?

The Sûdwalvulkaan (Zuidwalvulkaan) has been sitting dormant at 2 km under the Waddenzee (Frisian Sea) in the north of the Netherlands for some 150 million years. In 1970, Elf-Petroland discovered the volcano when looking for natural gas in the Waddenzee. While drilling, for which they only received a permit in 1988, they found an anomalous temperature at lower depth and anomalous variations in magnetism. And then they also hit on volcanic rock. The dormant giant’s presence is one of the reasons the north of the Netherlands has natural gas, and just as important, huge salt caverns.

Sunday, 12 April 2015

Tambora Volcano

How a Volcanic Eruption in 1815 Darkened the World

Tambora was once a tall and graceful mountain, as high as Hawaii’s great volcanoes, with a shape as classic as Fujiyama’s. Then, in a series of great eruptions 200 years ago this week, it lost more than one-third of its height and covered a wide swath of today’s Indonesia in choking, toxic ash. It was the most powerful eruption of the last 1000 years, as far as we can tell—our knowledge is far from complete.
The Tambora volcano from the ISS by Andre Kuipers 

Read further >>>
A Geo-animation how a Caldera is formed >> 
The new economist on youtube about Tambora and Climate change >>
Infographic - How large eruptions change the weather 
How this Eruption in 1815 Darkened the World but Colored the Arts >>>>

Tuesday, 7 April 2015

El Nino 2015

We've got another El Nino this year

3_5_15_Andrea_sstanim
Just when everyone had pretty much written it off, the El Niño event that has been nearly a year in the offing finally emerged in February and could last through the spring and summer, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced Thursday

 The NOAA about El Nino >>
The California drought and El Nino >>>
A geographical animation which explains El Nino >>>